Center for Global Aging





High Income Countries

Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Caleb E. Finch, Eileen M. Crimmins. The 20th Century Surge of Excess Adult Male Mortality. 2015. PNAS.112(29):8993-8. PMID: 26150507. PMC4517277.

Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Samir Soneji, Eileen M. Crimmins. Past, Present and Future of Healthy Life Expectancy. 2015. Cold Spring Harbor Perspect Med. Doi:10.1101/cshperspect.a025957.

Eileen M. Crimmins. 2015. Physiological Differences across Ageing Populations Reflecting Early Life and Later Life Nutritional Status and Later Life Risk for Chronic Disease. Journal of Population Aging 8: 51-69.

Yasuhiko Saito, Shieva Davarian, Atsuhiko Takahashi, Edward Schnieider and Eileen M. Crimmins. 2015. Diagnosis and control of hypertension in the elderly populations in Japan and the United States. International Journal of Population Studies, 1(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/IJPS.2015.01.008. http://ijps.whioce.com/index.php/ijps/article/view/01008

E. M. Crimmins, S. H. Preston, and B. Cohen (Eds). Explaining Diverging Levels of Longevity in High-Income Countries.  Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; National Research Council, 2011.

Richard Rogers and Eileen Crimmins (Eds). International Handbook of Adult Mortality, Springer; Dordrecht, Netherlands, 2011.

E. M. Crimmins, S. H. Preston, and B. Cohen (Eds). International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages:  Dimensions and Sources, Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; National Research Council, 2010.

Aïda Solé-Auró, Pierre-Carl Michaud, Michael Hurd, Eileen Crimmins. 2014. Disease Incidence and Mortality among Older Americans and Europeans. Demography (forthcoming).

Eileen M. Crimmins and Aïda Solé-Auró. 2013. Life Expectancy, Health and Functioning Among the 85+ in Europe and the United States. Public Policy and Aging Report, 23 (2), pp. 3-9.

Aïda Solé-Auró and Eileen M. Crimmins, 2013. The oldest-old: Health in Europe and the United States. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics. Vol. 33, Chapter 1, pp.3-33.

Krista Garcia and Eileen Crimmins.  2013. Cancer screening in the U.S. and Europe: Policies, practices, and trends in cancer incidence and mortality. In: N. Hoque, M. McGehee, B. Bradshaw (Eds.). Applied Demography and Public Health. New York: Springer. Chapter 9.

Aida Sole-Auro and E. Crimmins.  2012. Who Cares? A comparison of Informal and Formal Care Provision in Spain, England and the U.S. Aging and Society, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X12001134 Published online: November 2012. PMCID: 3925449.

Davina J. French, Collette Browning, Hal Kendig, Mary A. Luszcz, Yasuhiko Saito, Kerry Sargent-Cox and Kaarin J. Anstey. 2012. A simple measure with complex determinants:  investigation of the correlates of self-rated health in older men and women from three continents. BMC Public Health, 12:649.

Anna Oksuzyan, Eileen Crimmins, Yasuhiko Saito, Angela O”Rand, James W. Vaupel, Kaare Christensen.    2010. Cross-national comparison of sex differences in health and mortality in Denmark, Japan and the US. 2010. European Journal of Epidemiology 25(7):471-80. PMC2903692.

Eileen Crimmins, Aida Sole Auro, Jung Ki Kim. 2011. Gender Differences in Health: Results from SHARE, ELSA, and HRS." 2011 European Journal of Public Health, 21(1):81-91. PMID: 20237171. PMCID: PMC3023013.

Kenneth S. Shultz, Mo Wang, Eileen M. Crimmins, Gwenith G. Fisher. 2010. Age Differences in the Demand-Control Model of Work Stress: An Examination of Data from 15 European Countries. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 29: 21-47. PMC952960.

Eileen Crimmins, Krista Garcia, and Jung Ki Kim.   2010. Are International Differences in Health Similar to International Differences in Life-Expectancy? In International Differences in Mortality at Older Ages:  Dimensions and Sources, Eileen M. Crimmins, Samuel H. Preston, and Barney Cohen, Editors; Panel on Understanding Divergent Trends in Longevity in High-Income Countries; National Research Council, pp. 68-101. Bookshelf ID: NBK62588

Jean-Marie Robine, Siu Lan K. Cheung, Yasuhiko Saito, Bernard Jeune, Marti G. Parker, Francois R. Herrmann for the 5-COOP team. 2010. How much selected are the centenarians today: new insights from the 5-coop study. Current Gerontology and Geriatrics Research, Vol. 2010, 9 pages.

Jean-Marie Robine and Yasuhiko Saito. 2009. The number of centenarians in Europe. European Papers on the New Welfare. No. 13, pp. 47-62. 

Eileen M. Crimmins, Mark D. Hayward, Aaron Hagedorn, Yasuhiko Saito, and Nicolas Brouard. 2009. Changes in Disability-Free Life Expectancy for Americans 70 Years Old and Older. 2009. Demography, Vol. 49, No. 3, pp. 627-646.

G.E. Drevenstedt, E. Crimmins, S. Vasunilashorn, C. Finch. 2008. The Rise and Fall of Excess Male Infant Mortality.  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 105:5016-21. PMID: 18362357. PMC2278210.

Eileen M. Crimmins, Mark D. Hayward, Hiroshi Ueda, Yasuhiko Saito, and Jung Ki Kim. 2008. Life With and Without Heart Disease among Women and Men over 50. Journal of Women & Aging, Vol. 20, Issue 1/2, pp. 5-19.

Sandra L. Reynolds, Aaron Hagedorn, Jihye Yeom, Yasuhiko Saito, Eise Yokoyama and Eileen M. Crimmins. 2008. A Tale of Two Countries--the United States and Japan: Are Differences in Health Due to Differences in Overweight? Journal of Epidemiology, Vol. 18, No. 6, pp. 280-290. 

Eileen M. Crimmins, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Jung Ki Kim, Aaron Hagedorn and Yasuhiko Saito. 2008. A Comparison of Biological Risk Factors in Two Populations: The United States and Japan. Population and Development Review, Vol. 34, Issue 3, pp. 457-482.

Kristen Suthers, Yasuhiko Saito, and Eileen Crimmins. 2003. Emotional Well-Being Among Older Persons: A Comparative Analysis of the 70+ Population in Japan and the United States. In Advances in Quality-of Life Theory and Research, edited by M.J. Sirgy, D. Rahtz, and A.S. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 41-52.

High and Low Income Countries

Felicia Wheaton and Eileen Crimmins. Female disability disadvantage: A global perspective on sex differences in physical function and disability. 2015. Ageing & Society. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X15000227.

Eileen M. Crimmins. 2014. Physiological Differences across Ageing Populations Reflecting Early Life and Later Life Nutritional Status and Later Life Risk for Chronic Disease. Journal of Population Aging (forthcoming).

Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Jung Ki Kim, Eileen M. Crimmins. International Differences in the links between Obesity and Biological Risk:  the United States, England, and Taiwan. Obesity. PMID: 23781331. PMCID: 3583126.

Crimmins, E., Wheaton, F., Vasunilashorn, S., Beltrán-Sánchez, H., Zhang, L., Kim, J.K. 2013. A Global Perspective on Physiological Change with Age. In McDaniel S.A. and Zimmer Z, editors, Global Ageing in the Twenty-First Century: Challenges, Opportunities and Implications.  Ashgate Publishing Ltd: England, pp. 79-103.

N. Goldman, C. Turra, L. Rosero-Bixby, D. Weir, E. Crimmins.  2011. Do biological measures mediate the relationship between education and health: A comparative study.. Social Science and Medicine, 72: 307-315. PMID: 21159415.  PMCID: PMC3039215.

Jihye Yeom, Jung Ki Kim, Eileen M. Crimmins.  2010. Factors Associated with Body Mass Index (BMI) Among Older Adults: A Comparison Study of the U.S., Japan, and Korea.”  Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society, 29: 1479-1500.

China

Yaohui Zhou, Eileen Crimmins, Perry Hu, Yang Shen, James P Smith, John Strauss, and Yuan Shang.  Prevalence, Diagnosis, and Management of Diabetes among the Middle-aged and Elderly Chinese: Results from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). International Journal of Public Health. 2016 Jan 11. PMID: 26755457.

Zachary Zimmer, Mira Hidajat and Yasuhiko Saito. 2015. Changes in total and disability-free life expectancy among older adults in China: Do they portend a compression of morbidity? International Journal of Population Studies, 1(1). doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/IJPS.2015.01.001  http://ijps.whioce.com/index.php/ijps/article/view/01001

He Chen, Haochen Wang, Eileen M Crimmins, Gong Chen, Chengli Huang,  Xiaoying Zheng. 2014. The Contributions of Diseases to Disability Burden among the Elderly Population in China.  Aging and Health. 26(2):261-82. PMID: 24368296.

Danan Gu, Junshan Zhou, Vanessa Yong, and Yasuhiko Saito. 2013. Age Differential Effects of Severity of Visual Impairment on Mortality among Older Adults in China. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 32(7): 872-883, DOI: 10.1177/0733464812438634. 

Yong, V., Gu, D., Chen, M. & Saito, Y. 2011. Expected Lifetime With and Without Cataract among Older Adults in China. Journal of Population Ageing, Vol. 4 (1-2, June), pp. 65-79.

Philippines

Cruz, Grace and Anna Melissa Lavares, Maria Paz N. Marquez, Josefina N. Natividad and Yasuhiko Saito. 2014. Gender and Economic Well-being among the Filipino Older People. In Theresa W. Devasahayam (ed.), Gender and Ageing: Southeast Asian Perspectives. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, pp. 288-314.

Natividad, Josefina N., Grace T.  Cruz and Yasuhiko Saito. 2014. Work, retirement and the gender divide in the Philippines. In Theresa W. Devasahayam (ed.), Gender and Ageing: Southeast Asian Perspectives. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies (ISEAS), Singapore, pp. 315-338.

Cruz, Grace, Joefrey B.  Abalos,   Melissa C. Lavares, Josefina N. Natividad and Yasuhiko Saito. 2009. Changing Social Structures and the well-being of the Older Filipinos. Transactions of the National Academy of Science and Technology (Philippines), 31(2):197-222.

Cruz, GT, Saito, Y, Natividad, J. 2007. Active life expectancy and functional health status among Filipino older people. Canadian Studies in Population, vol. 34, issue 1, pp. 29-47. 

Singapore

Chi-Tsun Chiu, Rahul Malhotra, See Mieng Tan, Jane Lim, Angelique Chan, Khim Hean Teoh, Sapphire Gan Tsering and Yasuhiko Saito. Forthcoming. Dental Health Status of Community-Dwelling Older Singaporeans:  Findings from a National Representative Survey. Gerodontology

Angelique Chan, Rahul Malhotra, David Matchar, Stefan Ma and Yasuhiko Saito. Forthcoming. Gender, educational and ethnic differences in active life expectancy among older Singaporeans. Geriatrics & Gerontology International

Yong, Vanessa, Yasuhiko Saito and Angielique Chan. 2011. Gender Differences in Health and Health Expectancies: An Examination of Diseases, Impairments, and Disabilities of Older Adults in Singapore. Journal of Cross Cultural Gerontology, Vol. 26(2, June), pp. 189-203. 

Vanessa Yong, Angelique Chan and Yasuhiko Saito. 2010. Changes in the Prevalence of Mobility Limitations and Mobile Life Expectancy of Older Adults in Singapore, 1995–2005. Journal of Aging and Health, 22(1): 120-140. 

Bangladesh

Tareque, Md. Ismail, Yasuhiko Saito and Kazuo Kawahara. 2015. Healthy Life Expectancy and the Correlates of Self-rated Health in Bangladesh in 1996 and 2002. BMC Public Health, 15(312).  doi: 10.1186/s12889-015-1640-6. 

Tareque, Md. Ismail, Towfiqua Mahfuza Islam, Kazuo Kawahara, Makiko Sugawa, Yasuhiko Saito. 2015. Healthy Life Expectancy and the Correlates of Self-rated Health in an Ageing Population in Rajshahi District of Bangladesh. 2015. Ageing & Society, 35(05): 1075-1094. doi:  10.1017/S0144686X14000130.

Tareque, Md. Ismail, Yasuhiko Saito and Kazuo Kawahara. 2015. Application of Health Expectancy Research on DHS Data (2004-2007): A Case from Bangladesh. Asian Population Studies, 11(1): 32-43. doi: 10.1080/17441730.2015.1007558. 

Md. Ismail Tareque, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito. 2014. Inequality in disability in Bangladesh. PLoS ONE, 9(7), e103681, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103681. 

Md. Ismail Tareque, Sharifa Begum and Yasuhiko Saito. 2013. Gender differences in disability-free life expectancy at old ages in Bangladesh. Journal of Aging and Health, 25(8): 1299-1312, doi: 10.1177/0898264313501388.

Mexico

Hiram Beltran-Sanchez, Duncan Thomas, Graciela Teruel, Felicia Wheaton, Eileen M. Crimmins. 2013. Links Between socioeconomic circumstances and changes in smoking behavior in Mexico: 2002-2010. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 28(3):339-58. PMID: 2388837; PMCID: 3777536.

Hiram Beltran-Sanchez and Eileen Crimmins. 2013. Biological Risk in the Mexican Population at the Turn of the 21st Century. Journal of Cross-Cultural Gerontology, 28(3):299-316. PMID: 23812952; PMCID: 3770809.

Felicia Wheaton and Eileen Crimmins.  2013. In Hindsight: Urban Exposure Explains the Association Between Prior Migration and Current Health of Older Adults in Mexico. 2013. Journal of Aging and Health. 25:422-38. PMID: 23349513; PMCID: 3868342.

Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez, Duncan Thomas, Graciela M. Teruel, and Eileen M. Crimmins.  2011. Links between Childhood and Adult Social Circumstances and Obesity and Hypertension in the Mexican Population.  Aging and Health. 23:1141-65. PMID: 21948773, PMC3187563

Eileen M. Crimmins, Beth J. Soldo, Jung Ki Kim, and Dawn E. Alley. 2005. Using Anthropometric Indicators for Mexicans in the United States and Mexico to Understand the Selection of Migrants and the “Hispanic Paradox. Social Biology, 52, 164-177.

Japan

Emiko Takagi and Yasuhiko Saito. Forthcoming. Older Parents' Loneliness and Family Relationships in Japan. Ageing International.

Yasuhiko Saito, Shieva Davarian, Atsuhiko Takahashi, Edward Schneider, and Eileen M. Crimmins. Diagnosis and Control of Hypertension in the Elderly Populations of Japan and the United States. 2015. International Journal of Population Studies, 1(1), http://dx.doi.org/10.18063/UPS.2015.01.008.

Andrew Tiedt, Yasuhiko Saito, Eileen Crimmins. Depressive Symptoms, Transitions to Widowhood and Informal Support from Adult Children among Older Women and Men in Japan. 2015. Research on Aging. DOI: 10.1177/0164027515595442, pp. 1-24.

Minagawa, Yuka and Yasuhiko Saito. 2015. Active Social Participation and Mortality Risk Among Older People in Japan: Results From a Nationally-Representative Sample. Research on Aging, 37(5): 481-499, 2015. doi: 10.1177/0164027514545238

Vanessa Yong, Yuka Minagawa and Yasuhiko Saito. 2015. Policies and Programs for Successful Aging in Japan. In Sheung-Tak Cheng and Lydia Li (Eds.), Successful Aging: Asian Perspectives, pp: 81-97. 

Minagawa, Yuka and Yasuhiko Saito. 2014. An Analysis of the Impact of Cell Phone Use on Depressive Symptoms among Japanese Elders, Gerontology, 60:539-547. doi: 10.1159/000363059. 

Yasumichi Arai, Hiroki Inagaki, Michiyo Takayama, Yukiko Abe, Yasuhiko Saito, Toru Takebayashi, Yasuyuki Gondo and Nobuyoshi Hirose. 2014. Physical independence and mortality at the extreme limit of lifespan: Supercentenarians study in Japan. Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences Medical Sciences, 69 (4): 486-494. DOI:  10.1093/gerona/glt146.

Shieva Davarian, Eileen Crimmins, Atsuhiko Takahashi, Yasuhiko Saito. 2013. Sociodemographic Correlates of Four Indices of Blood Pressure and Hypertension Among Older Persons in Japan. Gerontology, 59(5):392-400. PMID: 23689609; PMCID: 3844551.

Jean-Marie Robine, Francois R. Hermann, Yasumichi Arai, D. Craig Willcox, Yasuyuki Gondo, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Makoto Suzuki, Yasuhiko Saito. 2013. Accuracy of the centenarian numbers in Okinawa and the role of the Okinawan diet on longevity:  Responses to Le Bourg about the article 'Exploring the impact of climate on human longevity.' Experimental Gerontology, 48(8):840-842, DOI: 10.1016/j.exger.2013.04.015.

Emiko Takagi and Yasuhiko Saito. 2013. A longitudinal analysis of the impact of family support on the morale of older parents in Japan: Does the parent’s normative belief in filial responsibilities make a difference? Ageing & Society, 33(6):1053-1076, DOI: 10.1017/S0144686X1200044X

Frouke M. Engelaer, Eugene M.G. Milne, David van Bodegom, Yasuhiko Saito, Rudi G.J. Westendorp and Thomas B.L. Kirkwood. 2013. Malleability of human ageing: the curious case of old-age mortality in Japan. In Jean-Marie Robine, Carol Jagger and Eileen M. Crimmins (Eds.), Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 33:49-59.

Jean-Marie Robine, Francois R. Hermann, Yasumichi Arai, D. Craig Willcox, Yasuyuki Gondo, Nobuyoshi Hirose, Makoto Suzuki, Yasuhiko Saito. 2012. Exploring the impact of climate on human longevity. Experimental Gerontology, 47(9):660-671. 

Yong, Vanessa.and Yasuhiko Saito. 2012. National Long-Term Care Insurance Policy in Japan a Decade after Implementation: Some Lessons for Aging Countries? Ageing International, 37(3): pp. 271-284. 

Yasuhiko Saito, Vanessa Yong and Jean-Marie Robine. 2012. The Mystery of Japan's Missing Centenarians Explained. Demographic Research, 26: pp. 239-252. 

Vanessa Yong and Yasuhiko Saito. 2012. Are there education differentials in disability and mortality transitions and active life expectancy among Japanese older adults? Findings from a 10-year prospective cohort study. Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 67B(3): pp. 343-353. 

Vanessa Yong and Yasuhiko Saito. 2012. How Accurate are self-reported height, weight, and BMI among community-dwelling elderly Japanese?:  Evidence from a national population-based study. Geriatrics and Gerontology International, 12(2), pp. 247-256. 

Chan, Angelique, Zackary Zimmer and Yasuhiko Saito. 2011. Gender Differentials in Disability and Mortality Transitions: The Case of Older Adults in Japan. Journal of Aging and Health, 23(8), pp. 1285-1308. 

Eise Yokoyama, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Yasuhiko Saito, Makoto Uchiyama, Yoko Matsuzaki, Tetsuo Tamaki, Takeshi Munezawa, Takashi Ohida. 2010. Association between Depression and Insomnia Subtypes: A Longitudinal Study on the Elderly in Japan. Sleep, Vol 33, No. 12, pp. 1693-1702. 

Yasuhiko Saito. 2010. Supercentenarians in Japan. In Maier, Heiner, Jutta Gampe Bernard Jeune, Jean-Marie Robine, and James W. Vaupel (Ed), Supercentenarians, pp. 75-98, Springer. 

Ogawa, Naohiro, Robert D. Retherford, and Yasuhiko Saito. 2010. Care of the Elderly and Women’s Labour Force Participation in Japan. In Naohiro Ogawa and Shripad Tuljapurkar (Eds.), Aging in Advanced Industrial States Riding the Age Waves Volume 3, Springer.

Vanessa Yong and Yasuhiko Saito. 2009. Trends in Healthy Life Expectancy in Japan:  1986-2004. Demographic Research, Vol. 20, Article 19, pp. 467-494.

S. Reynolds, E. Crimmins, J. Yeom, Y. Saito, A. Hagedorn. 2008. A Tale of Two Countries—the United States and Japan: Are Differences in Health Due to Differences in Overweight?  Journal of Epidemiology, 18: 280-290. PMID: 19057112, PMC2732346.

E.M. Crimmins, J.K. Kim, S, Vasunilashorn, A. Hagedorn, .Y. Saito. 2008. A comparison of biological risk factors in two populations: the United States and Japan”, 2008, Population and Development Review, 34: 457-482. PMC2676846.

India

Peifeng Hu,Henny Herningtyas, Varsha Kale, Eileen M. Crimmins, Arun R. Risbud, Heather McCreath, Jennifer C. O’Brien, John Strauss, David E. Bloom, Teresa E. Seeman. Validation and Quality Control for Dried Blood Spot Based C-reactive Protein Assay: Experience from the Indonesia Family Life Survey and the Longitudinal Study of Aging in India. 2014. Biodemography and Social Biology, 61:111-20.  PMID: 2587926; PMCID: PMC4410275.

Peifeng Hu, Michael Edenfield, Alan Potter, Varsha Kale, Arun Risbud, Sharon Williams, Jinkook Lee, David E. Bloom, Eileen Crimmins, Teresa E. Seeman. Validation and modification of dried blood-spot based glycosylated hemoglobin assay for the Longitudinal Aging Study in India. 2014. American Journal of Human Biology. 2014 Dec 3. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22664. PMID 25472916. PMCID: PMC4454625

Indonesia

Mira Hidajat, Mark D. Hayward, and Yasuhiko Saito. Indonesia's social capacity for population health: The education gap in life expectancy. 2007. Population Research and Policy Review, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 219-234.

Tsimane of Bolivia

Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Caleb E. Finch, Eileen M. Crimmins, Suvi A. Vikman, Jonathan Stieglitz, Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Hooman Allayee. 2011. Inflammatory gene variants in the Tsimane, an indigenous Bolivian population with a high infectious load. Biodemography and Social Biology. 57: 33-52. PMID: 21845926 PMCID: PMC3529658

Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Eileen M. Crimmins, Jung Ki Kim, Jeffrey Winking, Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Caleb Finch.  2010. Blood lipids, infection, and inflammatory markers in Tsimane of Bolivia. American Journal of Human Biology, 22: 731-40. PMID: 20721985, PMC: 3537506.

Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Jeffrey Winking, Daniel Eid Rodriguez, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Jung Ki Kim, Caleb Finch, Eileen Crimmins. 2009. Inflammation and infection do not promote arterial aging and cardiovascular disease among lean horticulturalists.”PLos ONE, 4, e6590. PMID: 19219403;  PMC2722089.

Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Jeffrey Winking, Daniel Eid Rodriguez, Sarinnapha Vasunilashorn, Jung Ki Kim, Caleb Finch, Eileen Crimmins. 2009. Inflammation and infection do not promote arterial aging and cardiovascular disease among lean horticulturalists.  PLos ONE, 4, e6590. PMID: 19219403;  PMC2722089.

Michael Gurven, Hillard Kaplan, Jeffrey Winking, Caleb Finch, and Eileen Crimmins. 2008. Aging and Inflammation in Two Epidemiological Worlds.  Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 63A, 196-199. PMC2952348.

Italy

D. Alley, E. Crimmins, K. Bandeen-Roche, J. Guralnik, L.Ferrucci. 2007. Three-year change in inflammatory markers in elderly people and mortality: The Invecchiare in Chianti Study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 11: 1801-1807. PMC2646097. PMC2646097.

Korea

Eileen M. Crimmins and Jihye Yeom. 2006. The Effects of Socioeconomic Status on Self-Rated Health among Older Koreans. International Journal of Welfare for the Aged, 15, 47-64.

Taiwan

Hidajat, Mira, Zachary Zimmer, Yasuhiko Saito, and Hui-Shen Lin. 2013. Religious activity, life expectancy and disability-free life expectancy in Taiwan. European Journal of Ageing, 10(3): 229-236, DOI: 10.1007/s10433-013-0273-9.

Sweden

Ross Andel, Michael Crowe, Nancy Pedersen, James Mortimer, Eileen Crimmins, Boo Johansson, and Margaret Gatz.  2005. Complexity of Work and Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease: A Population-Based Study of Swedish Twins.  Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, 60B(5), 251-258.

New Zealand

Yongjie Yon and Eileen M. Crimmins. 2014. Cohort Morbidity Hypothesis: Health Inequalities of Older Māori and Non-Māori in New Zealand. New Zealand Population Review. (Forthcoming).