Material Disadvantage / Deprivation
Measures of disadvantage/deprivation capture whether one has sufficient financial resources to obtain basic needs (e.g., food, housing, medical care).
Source: Patterson GR, Forgatch MS, DeGarmo DS. Cascading effects following intervention. Development and Psychopathology. 2010;22(4):949-970.
Psychometric properties: Cronbach’s alpha range = 0.81 – 0.89
Are you able to afford:
|A large enough house|
|Furniture or household equipment that needs replacement|
|The kind of car you need|
|Car repairs, fuel, insurance|
How often does it happen that you do not have enough money to afford:
|Never||Sometimes||Most times||Every month|
|The kind of food your family should have|
|The kind of medical care your family should have|
|The kind of clothing your family should have|
|The leisure activities that your family wants|
Source: Tolman RM, Rosen D. Domestic violence in the lives of women receiving welfare: mental health, substance dependence, and economic well-being. Violence Against Women. 2001;7(2):141-158.
Psychometric properties: Not reported.
Have any of the following occurred within the past 12 months?
|Had gas or electricity shut off|