The nation’s first formal PhD Program in the Biology of Aging offers graduates unprecedented opportunities to learn from world leaders in the field of aging research – both at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology in Los Angeles, California and at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging, in Marin County, California. The program is enabling the next generation of scientists to enter the field fully prepared to participate and make their own breakthroughs aimed at extending human healthspan.
The nation’s first formal PhD Program in the Biology of Aging offers graduates unprecedented opportunities to learn from world leaders in the field of aging research – both at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology in Los Angeles, California and at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging, in Marin County, California. The program is enabling the next generation of scientists to enter the field fully prepared to participate and make their own breakthroughs aimed at extending human healthspan.
The comprehensive interdisciplinary graduate program draws on the strengths of both organizations. A wide breadth of courses will include molecular biology, neuroscience, protein chemistry, cell biology, endocrinology, metabolomics, stem cell technology and regenerative medicine, pharmacology, mathematics, evolutionary biology and others. Students will study closely with a faculty mentor and have opportunities to collaborate on research and publications, attend colloquia, participate and attend national meetings, and to develop a professional network to support an independent career in the field of research on aging. This program is designed for students with a demonstrated academic record of excellence in the biological sciences with a strong interest in working in an age-centric laboratory. Ideally, prospective students will have experience working within an interdisciplinary field such as neuroscience or have double majored in a natural science, mathematics, or engineering, and have undergraduate experience working in a laboratory environment.
The PhD program will provide you with the skills for securing an independent career in the field of aging. The USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and the USC Andrus Gerontology Center offers the opportunity to work closely with faculty on research and publications, participate in colloquia, present your research at meetings of national organizations, acquire teaching experience, learn from your fellow students, serve on policy and planning committees, and to develop your academic network through summer internships or research opportunities. Our experience suggests that the most successful students, those who become leaders in the field, take initiative and engage themselves broadly in these activities.
Degree requirements as published in the University Catalog for your year of program entry define your requirements until your graduation.
PhD students from our own Biology of Aging program, and from many other schools and departments at USC, as well as a large number of post-doctoral fellows, conduct their research at the Andrus Gerontology Center in preparation for research and academic careers in specialized areas of gerontology.
The Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center was established in 1964 as a major research institute for the study of aging. The USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology opened to students in 1975. Both the instructional mission of the Leonard Davis School, and its research and training programs, are conducted in the Ethel Percy Andrus Gerontology Center. The Andrus Gerontology Center is a multidisciplinary, research and educational institution with faculty members representing the major professional and disciplinary fields related to gerontology. Instruction and training is performed by experts in biology, biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, neurobiology, and geriatric medicine, as well as sociology, psychology, demography, and public policy.
The USC Leonard Davis School was the nation’s first school of gerontology and offers instruction at three levels. Besides doctoral training, the USC Leonard Davis School provides undergraduates with a liberal arts education that culminates in a Bachelor of Science in Human Development and Aging or Bachelor of Science in Lifespan Health. At the master’s degree level, we provide professional preparation solely in gerontology or in conjunction with other fields such as business, health administration, or social work. The undergraduate and master’s degrees prepare students for work in public and private organizations, which serve the needs of the aging population.
Our PhD program in the Biology of Aging obviously focuses on the biological factors which influence or cause aging phenomena, as well as efforts to extend both the healthspan and lifespan. However, unlike more generalized biology programs, we also provide students with an opportunity to learn about other factors which have major effects on aging processes. These include sociology of aging, psychology of aging, demography of aging, age-related public policy, and even economics of aging. We have world class faculty in each of these areas who teach our classes and who also regularly interact with graduate students through participation in multidisciplinary seminars and colloquia.
Faculty at the USC Leonard Davis School conduct basic and applied research across multiple disciplines, which provides graduate and postgraduate training in the biological, social, policy, demographic, and behavioral sciences. Specific areas of study for the Biology of Aging include the biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, neurobiology, neuroscience, and pathology of aging, as well as cognitive development and decline and geriatric medicine. The USC Leonard Davis School also offers a multidisciplinary research training program in gerontology. PhD students from other departments at USC, as well as a large number of postdoctoral fellows, conduct their research at the Center in preparation for research and academic careers in specialized areas of gerontology. Drawing from these many PhD programs at USC, over 300 doctoral degrees have been awarded to students specializing in aging research.
In addition to the USC Leonard Davis School, the Andrus Center includes the Gerontological Research Institute, the USC Longevity Institute, the USC/UCLA Center in Biodemography and Population Health, the Center for Global Aging, Center for Digital Aging, Family Caregiver Support Center, the Fall Prevention Center of Excellence, the Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, USC/Buck Nathan Shock Center, Center for Lifespan Health, Ney Center for Healthspan Science, USC Center on Elder Mistreatment, the Los Angeles County Elder Abuse Forensic Center and the National Center of Elder Abuse. The research institute also houses many individual research projects.
The USC Leonard Davis School is a dynamic, exciting, and highly respected institution, welcome to our world class academic community.
Biology of Aging at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging
The Buck Institute was the nation’s first independent research facility focused solely on understanding the connection between aging and chronic disease in pursuit of the mission to increase the healthy years of life.
At the Buck Institute, world class scientists work in a uniquely collaborative environment to understand how normal aging contributes to the development of conditions specifically associated with getting older such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases, cancer, stroke, osteoporosis, heart disease, diabetes, macular degeneration and glaucoma. Our interdisciplinary approach brings scientists from disparate fields together to develop diagnostic tests and treatments to prevent or delay these maladies.
The stakes have never been higher. While it’s true that people are living longer, those “extra” years are often marked by disability and pain. In addition to personal hardship, there is also a cost to society. The financial burden of treating the chronic diseases of aging is expected to rise steadily as Baby Boomers get older. There is an urgency to our mission.
The Buck Institute is designed for the free flow of information. Discoveries quickly result in new studies. Scientists studying breast cancer are collaborating with researchers examining aging and nutrition. Parkinson’s disease is being studied in three different model organisms. A unique inquiry into stem cells and aging is underway. It’s an exciting place for science that has the potential to change the way we live.
This degree, the first Biology of Aging PhD in the United States, emphasizes research and education on the molecular, cellular, regenerative medicine, and integrative biology of aging, as well as the causes and treatments of age-related diseases, giving graduates the unparalleled opportunity to be trained by some of the world’s foremost experts in the field at both the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology in Los Angeles, and at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging in Novato, Northern California. Indeed, two of the greatest concentrations of research scientists specializing in geroscience, the biology of aging, and in age-related diseases are located at the USC’s Leonard Davis School and at the Buck Institute. Together, these institutes host over 100 scientists performing aging research with more than 50 of them focusing on the cellular and molecular biology of aging.
We have combined the knowledge and expertise of both these institutions to create a unique PhD program in the Biology of Aging. This comprehensive interdisciplinary graduate program emerged from the unparalleled community of USC and Buck scientists working collaboratively on the biology of aging and age-related diseases. The combined knowledge and expertise of both organizations results in a one of a kind graduate program that meets the growing need for education and research on the biology of aging and age-related diseases.
We enroll only the highest caliber of students from around the globe seeking training to become leading scientists in the field of biogerontology and geroscience. The program offers the opportunity to select a faculty mentor from either USC or the Buck Institute, and to select PhD committees composed of faculty members from both institutions. Students conduct state of the art research; attend seminars; attend and present at local, national and international biogerontology meetings; acquire teaching experience; and begin to develop an academic, personal, and professional network. These opportunities involve classes, research, and other activities at both the Southern and Northern California institutions.
Balancing rigorous, high-level research training with courses focused on the molecular and cellular biology of aging and on biomedical sciences and age-related diseases, this Biology of Aging PhD program prepares graduates for a successful career in various biomedical fields.
PhD students embark on a unique and comprehensive interdisciplinary graduate program, taking a wide breadth of courses that utilize the strengths of both organizations. Students take core courses in the molecular and cellular biology of aging, and then select a specialization among neuroscience, molecular and cellular biology, stem cell and regenerative sciences, and biomedical sciences.
Age-related disease is arguably the single greatest challenge for biomedicine in the 21st Century. There are two general approaches likely to be employed when facing this challenge. The first is the traditional approach of investigating single disease conditions in isolation. While this approach will undoubtedly continue to yield important information, understanding age-related disease poses a unique set of challenges, as well as opportunities. Scientists at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging in Northern California and the USC Leonard Davis School are focused on truly interdisciplinary geroscience investigations of the basic biology of aging, and on age-related diseases. Based on the observation that aging itself is the most important common risk factor for many of the socially and economically important diseases we face, we offer philosophical change in the way scientists approach disease. By attacking the common cause of chronic diseases ranging from Alzheimer’s to type II diabetes, to macular degeneration, our aging researchers hope to extend healthspan: the functional and disease-free period of life. We believe there is a need to employ this mindset with an interdisciplinary approach to medical science in an effort to make significant progress in effectively dealing with the primary causes of morbidity and mortality in the developed world.
As a major component of our efforts, we offer the USC-Buck PhD Program in the Biology of Aging. This unique, joint graduate program combines our respective strengths in molecular biology, neuroscience, physiology, medicine, pharmacology, protein chemistry, cell biology, genetics, epigenetics, stem cell biology, endocrinology, mathematics, computational biology, demography, and evolution. We have the common goal of explaining and intervening in age-related diseases by developing our understanding of the biology of aging. The advantages of this comprehensive and unique interdisciplinary graduate program may be compared with the creation of Neuroscience doctoral programs over the past three decades, which have trained a new generation of scientists with combinations of skills that formerly did not exist. These new researchers now combine knowledge from neuroanatomy, behavioral sciences, neurochemistry, neurophysiology, and other areas to tackle questions that would have been difficult to address prior to the appearance of neuroscience as a discipline. One might argue that the situation for aging is even more striking. Current aging research requires knowledge of biochemistry, molecular biology, physiology, bioenergetics, chemistry, genetics, endocrinology, neuroscience, epidemiology, medicine, and pathology. Such training requires that students have the opportunity to interact with multiple research groups and undertake integrated aging-centric courses. Despite the clear success of neuroscience doctoral programs around the world, the USC-Buck PhD Program in the Biology of Aging is the first in the United States to specifically address this need for biology of aging training.
The objective of this program is to graduate highly specialized research scientists with unprecedented expertise in the biology of aging in order to advance scientific knowledge in this area. Clearly, a better understanding of the basic mechanisms of aging will lead to important progress in the prevention and/or treatment of many diseases associated with age and the aging process. There is a need for scientists to be trained in an interdisciplinary, age-centric environment. This approach to the study of aging and disease is unique and there is growing scientific research to suggest that this approach will yield positive results in addressing age-related disease and aging itself, in biological, societal and economic terms.
Target Student Audience
This program is designed for students with a demonstrated academic record of excellence in the biological sciences with a strong interest in working in an age-centric laboratory. Ideally, prospective students will have experience working within an interdisciplinary field such as neuroscience or have double majored in a natural science, mathematics, or engineering, and have undergraduate experience working in a laboratory environment.
Diversity and Inclusion
Statement of Diversity and Inclusion
The USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology is committed to creating an inclusive classroom environment that values the diversity of all its members. The School is committed to providing a purposefully inclusive community where all members and visitors are free from all intolerant behavior (including but not limited to harassment, verbal or written abuse, threats, ridicule, or intimidation). We encourage all members within our community to embrace and learn from the diversity within our classroom, school, and university.
Information on events, programs and training, the Diversity Task Force (including representatives for each school), chronology, participation, and various resources for students.
The faculty advisor will be a primary resource person for the student throughout the program. The student is responsible for consulting with the advisor regarding his or her academic program, course selections, screening, and preparation for the qualifying examination. Because gerontology is a multidisciplinary field, recommended courses and research experiences may vary across students. The faculty advisor will also aid in the student’s professional development by encouraging the pursuit of appropriate research and publishing opportunities. After a student has developed relationships with other faculty members through courses and research, the student may request a change of advisor.
In addition to the faculty advisor, the student advisor is the resource for general questions regarding degree requirements and university policies. Generally, any questions not able to be fielded by the faculty advisor should be addressed to the student advisor.
A record of courses completed by each student is kept by the USC Registrar, and an unofficial transcript can be obtained from OASIS at http://www.usc.edu by viewing the STARS report. An official file is also maintained in the USC Leonard Davis School office, including all student records from admission to graduation. A copy of the PhD student advisement sheet is included in the Student Forms section.
The Graduate School provides all of the official forms necessary for documenting the doctoral degree progress; most are on the internet at the USC Graduate School website. All final approvals come from the Graduate School but only after recommendations from the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and Buck Institute on Aging program. Any forms or documents going to the Graduate School should first be reviewed by the student advisor. It is the student’s responsibility to see that a copy of all such forms and correspondence from the Graduate School is included in the student file retained by the student advisor located at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology.
The student advisor at the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology is Jim deVera, located in GER 102D. Learn more on our Academic Advisement page, or contact Jim deVera directly by email at email@example.com or by phone at (213) 740-1729.
The PhD in the Biology of Aging provides students with detailed knowledge and expertise in the biology of aging. Attainment of the PhD degree in the Biology of Aging requires successful completion of the following required or ‘core’ courses: GERO 600, GERO 601, GERO 602a and 602b, GERO 592, GERO 614L, and GERO 603, plus 8-10 units from the list of suggested electives or other approved courses, of which GERO 500 is strongly recommended. A minimum of 60 units (total) is required, consisting of formal courses, seminars, and research credit. At least 24 of the minimum 60 units are to be formal graduate course work (lecture or seminar courses rather than Laboratory Rotations or Directed Research).
Sample Schedule (Required and Elective Courses)
Fall Semester Year 1 Required Courses | Suggested total of 12 units for this semester at the Buck Institute for Research on Aging
GERO 601: Molecular Genetics of Aging (4.0 units – Letter Grade)
Explores concepts of molecular and genetic regulation of healthy aging, lifespan, and age-related diseases.
GERO 602a: Seminar on Discoveries in Biogerontology (2.0 units per semester, 4.0 units max total – Letter Grade)
Critical analyses of primary scientific data and interpretations presented in the literature.
GERO 603: Research Integrity (2.0 units – Letter Grade)
Explores scientific integrity, mentoring, scientific record keeping, authorship, peer review, animal and human experimentation, conflict of interest, data ownership and intellectual property, and genetic technology.
GERO 614L: Laboratory Rotations in the Biology of Aging (4.0 – 8.0 units – Letter Grade)
Mandatory organized laboratory rotation. Allows students to participate in laboratory activities. Designed to help select dissertation advisor and research.
Spring Semester Year 1 Required Courses | Suggested total of 12 units for this semester at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology
GERO 600: Geroscience: Molecular and Cellular Biology (4.0 units – Letter Grade)
Emphasizes the molecular and cellular biology of aging and age-related pathology and other aspects of basic aging research, including evolutionary biology, demography, epidemiology and bioinformatics.
GERO 602b: Seminar on Discoveries in Biogerontology (2.0 units per semester, 4.0 units max – Letter Grade)
Critical analyses of primary scientific data and interpretations presented in the literature
GERO 614L: Laboratory Rotations in the Biology of Aging (4.0 – 8.0 units – Pass/Fail only)
Mandatory organized laboratory rotation. Allows students to participate in laboratory activities. Designed to help select dissertation advisor and research.
GERO 592: Multidisciplinary Research Seminar in Aging (2.0 units per semester, 8.0 units max, – Letter Grade Fa,Sp)
Multidisciplinary perspectives on current research in gerontology, including physiology, neurobiology, health and medicine, psychology, sociology, and public policy. Topics will change each semester.
Students are required to write a one-page summary of the research accomplishments, challenges and plans associated with each registered term for GERO 614 in order to get credit for the course and continue in the Ph.D. program. The deadline to submit the summary will be the last day of classes for the term registered. Students will submit the summary to the PI, the instructor for the course (if different than the PI), and CC the student advisor.
Enrollment for Year 2 and Beyond
Between academic courses and GERO 790, students will register for 12 units each fall and spring semester until the 60 unit minimum is completed, including the minimum of 24 units of academic courses, or reaching the Qualifying Exam or Dissertation phase of the degree program. For example, if a student is registered for a 4 unit academic course, the student will register for 8 units of GERO 790 for a total of 12 units in that semester.
When reaching the Qualifying Exam stage, students may either register for GRSC 800, which allows students to focus solely on the Qualifying Exam for the semester registered, or GERO 790 if the student wishes to continue to do research while completing the Qualifying Exam. GRSC 800 is considered full time status even though the course is worth 0 units.
When reaching the Dissertation phase, students will register for GERO 794abcdz consecutively for each fall and spring semesters until the completion of the dissertation. GERO 794 is also considered full time status even though it’s worth 2 or 0 units. Students must complete a minimum of two semester of GERO 794 as part of the Ph.D. degree requirements.
Students will still be required to write a one page summary of the research accomplishments, challenges and plans associated with the research course you are taking each semester. This must be completed each semester in order to get credit for the course and continue in the program. The deadline for the summary will be the last day of classes each term you are registered for either GERO 790 or GERO 794. Students will submit the summary to the PI, the instructor for the course (if different than the PI), and CC the student advisor.
Although students are not required to register for the summer session, most will find it advantageous to do so. Firstly, Biology of Aging PhD students are expected to be conducting laboratory experiments and building their Dissertation research over most of the summer. It is, therefore, entirely appropriate to register for 3 units of GERO 790 – Directed Research during the summer session. Alternatively, students may wish to take a 3-4 unit academic course during the summer. As an added incentive, you may well find that the taxes taken out of your Research Assistantship stipend are lower if you do register for the summer session, and retain your USC student status for the full calendar year. Please note that this comment should not be construed as tax advice. The University encourages you be mindful of your tax situation, and to speak with a financial advisor as necessary, since neither the University nor the student services office is equipped to offer you tax counselling. If you do wish to register for GERO 790, or other USC courses for the summer term, contact the Leonard Davis School student advisor by the beginning of the summer term.
When requesting for d-clearance (departmental authorization) from the student advisor, be sure to include your USC ID number, the program you are in, the course number, and the 5 digit section number (that begins with 36) on your email.
Examples of Elective Courses
GERO 500, Perspectives on a Changing Society: An Introduction to Aging (4 Units – Letter Grade)
A very strongly recommended elective. This course covers analysis of physical, mental, and social age-related changes as well as implications of population aging trends for individuals and society. Most biologists will never have the chance to learn the fundamental sociological, psychological, public policy, and demographic foundations of the overall field of Gerontology. GERO 500 gives our Biology of Aging students a unique opportunity to become comfortable with the underlying principles of the field of Gerontology. GERO 500 is also offered in both fall and spring semesters as both an in-class course and as an online course. This makes it particularly attractive as a second year elective for our Biology of Aging Ph.D. students.
Gero 516: Introduction to Genomic Science for Biologists (4.0 units, letter grade)
Broad introduction to genomics for students with a biology background, including overviews of ‘wet’ genomics techniques, available public databases and useful analytical tools.
GERO 605: Research and Journal Club Presentation Workshop (2.0 units, letter grade)
This course provides intensive training in journal club and research talk presentations for graduate students in the Biology of Aging Ph.D. program. A rich bank of materials are made available to students to help in the planning and assembly of presentations as well several student-led journal clubs. This course serves to provide active, sustained feedback for graduate students, by their peers and by faculty, for both journal club and research talks, on the biology of aging. Presentations are assessed for depth, clarity, and extent of background knowledge, and for the ability of students to respond thoughtfully to critiques and questions.
Gero 606: Bioinformatics (2.0 units, letter grade)
This course is an introduction to bioinformatics for students to learn coding principles, genomic biology, and applied genomic statistics. Students receive an introduction to the R coding language, visualization tools, RNA analysis, machine learning, and statistical analysis. By the end of the course students will have learned how to write R scripts to quantify attributes of genomes from sequencing data; how to evaluate statistical significance of trends in these data; and how to report the results graphically.
Gero 616: Mass Spectrometry (2.0 units, letter grade)
Introduction to mass spectrometry and its application to gerontology. Problem formation; research design and data collection; descriptive and analytical statistics; interpretation and report preparation.
GERO 626 Current Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Dementias (2 Units – Letter Grade)
Lectures from researchers at the forefront of research in Alzheimer disease and related disorders.
GERO 666 Free Radical Chemistry, Biology, and Medicine in Aging (4 Units – Letter Grade)
Explores the chemical and physical chemical nature of free radicals and related reactive species. Examines the roles of antioxidants and how they work. Considers the potential role(s) of free radicals and oxidative stress in aging processes.
A wide variety of other elective courses are available so that students and their mentors may devise a plan of specialization within the biology of aging that meets the needs of each individual. These courses are drawn from USC’s Leonard Davis School of Gerontology; the College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences (Molecular & Computational Biology, Neurobiology, Integrative & Evolutionary Biology, Marine & Environmental Biology); the Keck School of Medicine (Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Physiology, Cell & Neurobiology, Pathology, Microbiology & Immunology, Stem Cell Biology & Regenerative Medicine), the School of Pharmacy (Pharmacology, Pharmacokinetics, Molecular Pharmacology & Toxicology); the Herman Ostrow School of Dentistry; the Viterbi School of Engineering (Bioengineering, Biomedicine, Biochemistry); and the Buck Institute for Research on the Biology of Aging. Please note many of the electives offered in other departments will only be offered on campus.
Students with a Master’s degree, or significant prior graduate coursework in biology can petition to apply the credit toward this degree. Petition for credit will be based on the Graduate School’s policies and requirements for “transfer of credit’ and on approval by the doctoral advisory committee. Transfer credits toward the PhD requirements will be limited to a maximum of 20 units and must have been taken within 10 years of completing the PhD program. The Biology of Aging PhD Committee will evaluate each request for transfer credit on its own merits, and with particular regard to a student’s preparation for a research career in the biology of aging. The PhD Committee will determine how many transfer credits may or may not be used towards the 24 academic units required for graduation in the Biology of Aging PhD program. In most cases, less than the maximum of 20 units will actually be approved for transfer.
Students must first request for a Transfer Credit Report from the USC Registrar’s Office. See the link below for specific details. Choosing from the transferable courses stated in the report, students will submit a Transfer Credit Petition Form (see Student Forms) and syllabus for each course you are petitioning, as well as a copy of the Transfer Credit Report to the student advisor. Students must submit for transfer credit by the end of fall semester of the first year in the program.
Foreign Language Requirements
There are no foreign language requirements for the PhD in Biology of Aging program.
On the university website, www.usc.edu, students can register by selecting the Web Registration quick link at the bottom of the page. Registration instructions for the system are included in Appendix B. Courses that have a “D” after the five digit class code in the schedule of classes require departmental clearance; those with an “R” are open registration. For classes taken outside of Gerontology requiring “D” clearance, students must obtain that clearance in the school or department offering the course.
Registration for the fall semester begins in July for new students and in May for returning students, and registration for the spring semester begins in early November. Registration continues until the day before classes begin, at which time tuition and all fees must be settled. Students should consult the online schedule of classes at www.usc.edu for the latest information on courses. Copies of course syllabi for gerontology classes are kept in the USC Leonard Davis School office. Students are welcome to review the syllabi from previous semesters.
New students are expected to attend a Graduate School orientation at which time a registration packet will be provided. Returning students will receive updated information on the program as it becomes available. Students should consult with their faculty advisor and/or the student advisor before registering for any courses.
USC uses a traditional grading system for courses which includes the plus and minus: A = 4, A- = 3.7, B+ = 3.3, B = 3.0, B-=2.7, C+=2.3, C=2.0. A C grade is a minimum passing grade at the PhD level. PhD students must maintain a 3.0 GPA throughout their studies and for graduation.
Incomplete (IN) Grades
A grade of incomplete is given only under unusual circumstances occurring at the end of a semester. It is not to be used for non-emergency situations. Course work must be completed and the IN changed to a letter grade within one year. Failure to finish an incomplete within the time limit will result in the grade being changed to IX, which counts as an “F” grade on transcripts.
Full-Time Student Status
The Graduate School and financial aid policies determine that full-time PhD student status is six units of graduate credit (generally two classes). The USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology encourages students to enroll in 8-12 units (two-three classes, depending on research responsibilities in any given semester) in order to facilitate movement through the program within a reasonable time period. Continuous registration is required throughout the program. Registration for fall and spring semesters is mandatory and summer enrollment is strongly recommended. If a student fails to register for any (fall or spring) semester without prior approval, readmission to the program and the University is required. The University carefully monitors continuous registration.
Students who have completed all of the required courses must continue to register until completing all degree requirements. During the semester when the Qualifying Examination is taken, students register for GRSC 800, which is considered full time registration. Once the Qualifying Exam is passed and the student is doing dissertation work, registration in GERO 794 (abcdz) is required in fall and spring semesters only, and is also considered full time registration.
Length of Program/Leave of Absence
It is anticipated that the PhD program will take four to five years for most students to complete. Students who need to take time away from the University may request a leave of absence (LOA). A maximum of two one-year LOAs are permitted. However, the degree must be completed within a 10-year time frame. Students who take more than two years leave of absence or whose program lasts longer than 10 years will need to be readmitted to the University and reevaluated for appropriateness to the program. Students entering the sixth year of the program must obtain approval to continue through the student’s PhD Committee and the Biology of Aging Executive Committee. Written approval should be submitted to the Student Advisor before the fall semester of the sixth year begins.
Academic integrity is highly regarded and enforced in this program. Academic integrity violations include plagiarism, and turning in papers that were either purchased, written by someone else, or written for another class. Additional information on USC policies on academic integrity is available from several sources, including Scampus and the Office of Student Conduct (for example see Trojan Integrity: A Guide for Avoiding Plagiarism). Violations of academic integrity will be reported to the Office of Student Conduct and will result in serious repercussions, possibly including expulsion from the PhD program.
Requirement to Maintain Good Academic Standing
All students enrolled in the Graduate School of the University of Southern California must maintain an overall grade point average, for all graded courses taken at USC, of 3.0 or better (‘B ‘or above) in order to remain in good academic standing. Students whose overall graduate GPA falls below 3.0 will automatically be placed on academic probation. At the discretion of the Graduate School, such students may be allowed a maximum of three semesters from the date of entry into the program in which to meet this 3.0 minimum overall graduate GPA requirement. Maintaining a minimum 3.0 GPA is a condition for continued financial support, and students whose GPA falls below 3.0 may be denied further support. Students who fail to achieve and maintain the minimum 3.0 graduate GPA will be subject to expulsion from the PhD program.
In addition, students in the Biology of Aging PhD Program must achieve grades of 3.0 or higher (‘B’ or above) in each one of the following graded required or ‘core’ courses GERO 600, GERO 601, GERO 602a and 602b, GERO 592, and GERO 603. Students must also receive passing grades in GERO 614L and GERO 790.
Students with Disabilities
Any student requesting academic accommodations based on a disability is required to register with Disability Services and Programs each semester. A letter of verification for approved accommodations must be obtained from Disability Services, and delivered to the instructors as soon as possible. Disability Services is located at STU 301, phone 213-740-0776.
The primary faculty for this program are drawn from the USC Leonard Davis School and the Buck Institute for Research on Aging. Additional faculty mentors are drawn from USC’s Schools of Medicine; Pharmacy; Engineering; and the College of Letters, Arts, and Sciences.
PhD Executive Committee
Under the general oversight of the USC Leonard Davis School faculty and the Buck Institute on Aging, the PhD Committee is the governing body of the PhD program. The Committee typically consists of 6 standing members representing the Davis School and Buck Institute including the Vice Dean, Prof. Sean P. Curran, who is the Director of the PhD Program and Chair of the Committee. Occasionally, faculty outside the Committee, as well as the Senior Associate Dean, Maria Henke, are consulted on issues relevant to their specific disciplinary expertise or university policies. The Committee is responsible for all aspects of the instructional program including curriculum review, admission recommendations, petitions, screenings, qualifying examinations, and academic standards.
Students have access to the entire USC library system as well as specialized libraries devoted to gerontology at the Buck and the Leonard Davis School. In addition, students will have access to any online databases they might need both at USC and at the Buck Institute.
USC Graduate School Handbook for Research Assistants (RAs)
Please consult the University’s online information for research assistants, which can be found at the following website.
Courses and Research both at USC and the Buck Institute
Courses are offered both at the USC main University Park Campus in Los Angeles, and at the Buck Institute in Novato, Northern California. Founded in 1975, the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology is the oldest and largest school of its type in the world. USC offers the most comprehensive selection of gerontology degree programs found anywhere, a variety of outstanding research opportunities and a challenging yet supportive academic environment. The Buck Research Institute was designed by I. M. Pei offers 17 research labs equipped with state of the art equipment as well as office and meditative spaces. The Buck Institute is located on a 488 acre parcel of land in Novato, California near the San Francisco Bay area. Courses are taught by USC and Buck faculty, with students able to participate from either campus via real-time video conferencing.
Tuition Waiver for PhD Students
In general, students admitted in good standing to the Biology of Aging PhD program receive a waiver of tuition fees from the University.
Financial Support for Students
In addition to the tuition waiver described above, many other forms of financial support are available to all our students. The funds for such support come from a variety of sources, including the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, the Buck Institute for Research on Aging, the University of Southern California Provost’s Office, the USC-Buck Geroscience Training Program in the Biology of Aging (NIH Training Grant), and NIH/NSF/Foundation research grants of individual USC/Buck faculty members.
Firstly, all entering first year students have a guaranteed stipend for 12 months, as Research Assistants, at competitive rates that are regularly increased to meet or exceed those offered by competitive institutions.
By the end of the first year (end of spring semester or end of summer) students find a PhD Dissertation mentor who is willing to guide and oversee the student’s dissertation research in their lab, and willing to pay the student’s research assistant stipend from their own research funds. It is very important that students find a laboratory and a faculty mentor in whose research they are sincerely interested. It is equally important for students to verify that prospective faculty mentors have the research funds necessary to support both their experimental work and their research assistantship stipends. In some cases, advanced students may be able to make up for a financial shortfall by taking a teaching assistantship position. The Biology of Aging PhD Program works very hard with all students to make sure that financial needs are prioritized.
Time and Effort Commitment and Stipends
Research Assistant stipends are for 12-month appointments, and students are expected to be studying, researching, and working in the program year-round. Students are not specifically required to register for the summer session, but it is strongly recommended that they do so. Regardless of registration status, students are expected to be conducting research in their selected laboratories for most of the summer months. Reasonable requests for short vacation periods will be honored by most faculty members, but students must request permission before departing. Students who decide to take lengthy vacations of several weeks may be required to repay all or part of their stipends.
Part of each student’s fees cover the cost of the Student Health Center. Contact the center if you require medical attention. (Due to an outbreak of measles, the Health Center requires all students to prove that they have either had the disease or have received a vaccination. No one may register until this proof has been provided.)
Mental health services are also available to students. If you feel that need to speak to a mental health professional the university offers these free services:
Student Health Counseling Services – (213) 740-7711 – 24/7 on call
Free and confidential mental health treatment for students, including short-term psychotherapy, group counseling, stress fitness workshops, and crisis intervention.
National Suicide Prevention Lifeline – 1 (800) 273-8255 – 24/7 on call
Free and confidential emotional support to people in suicidal crisis or emotional distress 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.
Relationship and Sexual Violence Prevention Services (RSVP) – (213) 740-4900 – 24/7 on call
Free and confidential therapy services, workshops, and training for situations related to gender-based harm.
University Of Southern California Office for Equity, Equal Opportunity, and Title IX – (213) 740-5086
Information about how to get help or help a survivor of harassment or discrimination, rights of protected classes, reporting options, and additional resources for students, faculty, staff, visitors, and applicants. The university prohibits discrimination or harassment based on the following protected characteristics: race, color, national origin, ancestry, religion, sex, gender, gender identity, gender expression, sexual orientation, age, physical disability, medical condition, mental disability, marital status, pregnancy, veteran status, genetic information, and any other characteristic which may be specified in applicable laws and governmental regulations.
Bias Assessment Response and Support – (213) 740-2421
Avenue to report incidents of bias, hate crimes, and microaggressions for appropriate investigation and response.
The Office of Student Accessibility Services – (213) 740-0776
Support and accommodations for students with disabilities. Services include assistance in providing readers/notetakers/interpreters, special accommodations for test taking needs, assistance with architectural barriers, assistive technology, and support for individual needs.
USC Crisis and Safety – (213) 821-4710
Assists students and families in resolving complex personal, financial, and academic issues adversely affecting their success as a student.
Diversity at USC – (213) 740-2101
Information on events, programs and training, the Provost’s Diversity and Inclusion Council, Diversity Liaisons for each academic school, chronology, participation, and various resources for students.
USC Emergency – UPC: (213) 740-4321, HSC: (323) 442-1000 – 24/7 on call
Emergency assistance and avenue to report a crime. Latest updates regarding safety, including ways in which instruction will be continued if an officially declared emergency makes travel to campus infeasible.
USC Department of Public Safety – UPC: (213) 740-6000, HSC: (323) 442-120 – 24/7 on call
Non-emergency assistance or information.
International students will need to complete Passport Verification (PPV) with the Office of International Students (Student Union Building, Room 300) prior to the start of the fall semester. Students must maintain full time status throughout their degree program. The minimum number of units required for registration each fall and spring term is 6 units. Courses such as GRSC 800 (Quals) and GERO 794 (Dissertation) are placeholder courses that denote full time status, even if a student is not registered for 6 units minimum. Students may obtain more information about maintaining the student visa status from OIS.
Students who have questions about procedures should take them to the Student Services Office. The student advisor can answer questions about how to register, complete petitions, secure financial aid, work with the Graduate School, find housing, arrange for campus parking, and access counseling and recreational facilities.
The USC Leonard Davis School will attempt to provide a minimum level of financial aid for students without other forms of assistance during their first year in the program. Students are encouraged to seek other forms of financial aid such as research assistantships, traineeships, teaching assistant positions and scholarships. Receipt of such a fellowship provides financial support during your PhD career as well as recognition and distinction that will serve you well during your future career.
Students will be admitted by the USC Graduate School, upon recommendation by the USC Leonard Davis – Buck Institute Biology of Aging PhD Admissions Committee. The Admissions Committee is composed of three tenure/tenure track faculty members from USC Leonard Davis and three adjunct faculty members from the Buck Institute. Applicants must have a bachelor’s degree from an accredited four year college or university preferably in one of the biological sciences. Applicants are evaluated by their transcripts and GPA (minimum 3.0); scores on the GRE General Test, three letters of recommendation, and a statement of interest. Students are also required to submit with their university application, a resume/CV and research writing sample as part of the application requirements.
Stages of the PhD Program
- Laboratory rotations
- Enrollment in 22-24 units
- Petition for transfer units (prior to 1st year screening at end of spring semester)
- Choose a mentor for PhD studies (after 4th rotations, spring semester)
- First Year Screening – Immediately after spring semester concludes
- Continue enrollment in coursework (complete required courses and electives)
- Form Qualifying Exam Committee (fall semester)
- Qualifying Exam (end of spring semester, unless approved by Program Chair for summer).
- Written qualifying exam – submitted to committee prior to taking oral
- Oral qualifying exam – within 60 days of submitting written exam
- Form Dissertation committee (within 90 days of PhD candidacy)
- PhD Defense (see Graduate school deadlines)
Most graduate students in the PhD program take part in an organized laboratory rotation program prior to selecting their dissertation advisor, except for very advanced students with extensive prior lab experience (see Special Exemption below). This rotation program is a course (GERO 614L) that allows students to participate fully in lab activities, including handling an individual project, contributing to group meetings and events, and presenting the results of their work at the end of the rotation period. The insight obtained into the inner workings and personalities of several of their potential research group choices helps students make informed decisions when choosing an advisor with whom to work during their tenure in the department.
Most students spend their first year performing experimental research in the laboratories of faculty members in at least two, semester-long (fall and spring) lab rotations. During the rotations, students interact with individual faculty members and explore possible subjects for future dissertation research. Some students choose to carry out more than one rotation per semester (by undertaking two, half semester rotations) or may undertake an additional rotation during the summer following their first year, if they have not yet decided upon a home lab. Each student, thus, arranges for a faculty dissertation advisor and begins dissertation research at the end of the Spring semester of their first year, or by the end of the Summer following their first year. At the conclusion of each rotation, students are required to submit, to the Student Advisor, a one page (max) summary of their rotation project, methodologies utilized, and major accomplishments.
Prior to starting each rotation, students must notify the Student Advisor, Jim deVera, of which Principal Investigator (PI) top three choices they would like to rotate in the upcoming semester. The Student Advisor will verify the rotations with the PIs and notify the student of the rotation confirmation. Issues with finding a lab rotation should be brought to the attention of the Student Advisor and PhD Program Director as soon as possible.
Laboratory rotations are a major commitment for most students during the first year, involving 8 units (4 in the fall and 4 in the spring) of GERO 614L They provide practical research experience and exposure to different research approaches and techniques. Incoming students are required to rotate through at least two research laboratories in the first year, except for very advanced students with extensive prior lab experience (see Special Exemption below). These rotations provide broad exposure to the area of research, methods, techniques, rules and regulations of each lab, as well as the general lab organization and personnel. Each rotation will be either a semester long, or half a semester long, and will occupy up to 20 hours/week. Students may take as few as 2 full-semester rotations, or as many as 4 half-semester rotations during the regular school year. If needed, a final lab rotation may be taken during the summer following the first year of study. By the end of the spring semester (or summer if an extra rotation is done), students must submit a Graduate Advisor Selection Form (see appendix), which commits a student to a Principal Investigator (PI) for the duration of the Biology of Aging PhD program.
Special Exemption from Laboratory Rotations for Advanced Students with Extensive Lab Research Experience
In exceptional cases, students with extensive prior laboratory research experience may be exempted from undertaking lab rotations, and may select a lab for their dissertation research (by mutual assent) upon entering the program, or after just one rotation. Such matters are decided by the Biology of Aging PhD Committee on an individual basis.
Prior lab experience in undergraduate or graduate laboratory courses, or experience working as an undergraduate lab helper does not count as extensive prior laboratory research experience for this purpose. To be exempted from the lab rotations requirement, a student’s prior lab research experience must be judged to be extensive, substantial, meaningful, and truly advanced by the Biology of Aging PhD Committee.
Students directly admitted to a faculty lab are not required to rotate. However, even if exempt from rotating labs, all students must still register for GERO 614L in order to complete the course requirements. As part of the evaluation for GERO 614L students are required to submit a 1pg (max) summary of their rotation project, the methodologies utilized, and major accomplishments at the conclusion of each rotation. Students that are exempt from rotations, must submit one summary each semester of their first year in the program to document their progress on their research projects.
Laboratory Rotations – Expectations and Responsibilities
The purpose of laboratory rotations is two-fold. First, it exposes the student to a broad range of research topics and research environments available at the USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and the Buck Institute for Aging Research. The faculty represent a diverse group with aging-related research interests including biochemistry, cell biology, molecular biology, molecular genetics, biophysics, physiology, pathology, and medicine. Most students upon entering graduate school will not have been exposed to all these potential research topics and, thus may not really know what will eventually be most interesting to them and what will not, or which projects are reasonable for thesis research and which are not.
Most entering students will have only limited prior laboratory experience, discounting laboratory courses for undergraduate or graduate degrees which do not provide sufficient experience. Therefore, we require most students to undertake lab rotations throughout their first year in the program. Rotations may be of one semester in length, or half a semester in length (in which case a second half-semester rotation must be taken). Students spend one semester at the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology and one semester at the Buck Institute in their first year. Therefore, most students go through a total of 2, 3, or 4 rotations during the fall and spring semesters of their first year. Some students may undertake an additional rotation during the summer following their first year, if they have not decided upon a home lab.
Each faculty member runs their laboratory in a distinctive way. Research groups may be large, with many postdoctoral research associates, other graduate students, technicians and/or undergraduate students, or they may be much smaller with students responsible for much of the research in the lab. The major professor may be intimately involved in all aspects of research, and may actually work in the laboratory, or he/she may be distant from the lab, primarily functioning to define the broader research goals of the lab and fundraising. Students may be more comfortable with one style as opposed to another. The rotation allows students to “try out” a laboratory and, similarly, allows a lab to “try out” a student. A student’s decision in selection of a laboratory for their thesis research may also depend on how well they mesh with the people in the lab.
At the end of each rotation, professors are required to complete a form evaluating the student’s performance. Student Laboratory Rotation Evaluation Forms (see appendix) become part of the student’s permanent record that is considered during the first year evaluation.
The most successful lab rotations occur when students maintain good communication with the professor. It is the students’ responsibility to learn what they are expected to accomplish during their rotations and to learn about the standards by which their performance will be judged. This should be discussed with each professor, even if a student may actually be working under the direct supervision of a postdoc. or senior graduate student. In such a situation, it is in a student’s best interest to clarify the chains of command, communication, and responsibility. This initial understanding should be revised as the rotation progresses, since research projects usually take unforeseen turns. Students should also try to learn as much as possible about the different research projects underway in each lab in which they rotate, from the other members of the group. This requires that students communicate widely with the various members of each group and attend any group meetings held by the laboratory.
Choosing a Lab for your Dissertation
In addition to being exposed to multiple techniques and experimental approaches, the major purpose of the laboratory rotations is to help students find out which lab they wish to choose for their dissertation research. This is very much a combination of research interests and human interactions and students should think very carefully before deciding they want to spend the next four years in a particular lab.
All rotations should be undertaken in labs where the Professor is willing to take on new PhD students and able to support their stipends. Remember that although the program pays your Research Assistant stipend for the first year, the Professor in whose lab you do your dissertation must be willing and able to pay your stipend for the next 4 or 5 years, until you graduate. Therefore, when starting a rotation be sure to ask the Professor if she/he is willing to take on a new dissertation student and if they have the money to support your stipend.
Students must understand that the PhD program will not continue to pay their Research Assistant stipends beyond the first year of enrollment in the program.
Once a student has found a lab, students may find the Graduate Advisor Selection form here. The completed form will need to be submitted to the Student Advisor at the end of the spring semester of the first year (or end of the summer term if an extension was approved).
Annual Progress Evaluations
Each year the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program shall review the performance of all students. First-year students’ performance will be based on grades in coursework, participation in seminars and colloquia, and lab rotation reports.
At the end of the first year after selecting a lab for their dissertation research, students’ performance will continue to be evaluated annually by the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program. Performance evaluations will take into account grades, participation in classes, research progress, progress towards satisfying degree requirements, the extent to which the student followed previous recommendations, and other matters relevant to professional development and advancement. In addition, all students will be required to submit a 2 page description of their research plans and progress and their projected timeline for completing degree requirements as part of their semester report for Gero 790. This report will be required for credit in Gero 790 and for continuation of student stipends.
Every semester, each faculty preceptor or mentor must also submit a report outlining the performance, progress, and updated timeline for degree completion of their PhD students which will constitute an important component of the overall evaluation as mentorship is a cornerstone of the training of PhD students. The mentor’s report must include details of presentations, manuscripts, evaluation of research aptitude, etc., as well as any challenges the student may be facing. The PI report utilizes a simple scoring system of 1, 2, or 3 (defined as below), with an area to identify issues/or plans. This establishes a paper trail of both accomplishments and potential issues. It allows the executive committee the opportunity to resolve problems, facilitate mentorship changes (if necessary), and remove students from the program in extremis.
Students will be given one of the following four ratings: (1) Acceptable performance, (2) Acceptable performance assuming certain actions are taken, (3) Unacceptable performance, or (4) No report was provided by the student or the mentor. Students receiving a (2, 3, or 4) must schedule an appointment with the program directors as soon as possible. In this scoring system, a “2” could include a range of concerns from adequate lab performance but failure to meet milestones (e.g., late in taking the qualifying exam), to poor lab productivity with good coursework, to marginal coursework with adequate lab performance. Two consecutive semesters or three total semesters with a 2-3 may be sufficient for expulsion from the program. These measures are designed to ensure that the student, mentor, and committee are all aware of any potential issues and that there is time to resolve problems before resorting to removal from the program.
After passing the qualifying exams students, in consultation with their mentors, must establish a Dissertation Committee that must meet at least once per year to evaluate the progress of each student and to advise changes including additions and/or deletions to the research plan as necessary. The Dissertation Committee must also provide an annual written report of each student’s research and degree progress to the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program. The committee report should be generated by the mentor (the Chair of the dissertation committee), with the accomplishments to date and the plans for the next year upon which the committee has reached agreement. The committee report will also include completion of a box listing the expected degree completion date. This will default at 5 years but can be edited at any period, with appropriate and adequate explanation and approval from the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program.
It is the goal of the USC-Buck Biology of Aging PhD Program to graduate all qualified and worthy students within five years of entering the program. Students must request and receive special permission, based on exceptional circumstances, from the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program in order to be allowed to continue into a sixth year in the program. Should a student fail to graduate within six years, they may be expelled from the program, possibly with a terminal masters of science degree, at the discretion of the Executive Committee of the Biology of Aging PhD Program. Under highly exceptional circumstances a student may be allowed to continue into a seventh year in the program. In such cases, the student’s mentor will be required to pay for the student’s tuition and health insurance, in addition to the regular stipend. Mentors who repeatedly fail to graduate their PhD students within the five-year target may be removed from the program.
End of First Year Screening Review
After completion of the core Biology of Aging course work (GERO 600, GERO 601, GERO 602a, GERO 602b, GERO 603, GERO 592, and GERO 614) at the end of the first year, the student’s degree progress is discussed and evaluated by a screening committee composed of the members of the Biology of Aging PhD Executive Committee. The purpose of the Screening Review is to determine competence to continue graduate study and identify areas that may need to be strengthened prior to taking the qualifying examination.
Students whose first year performance and progress is considered satisfactory by the PhD Executive Committee will be deemed to have successfully passed the Screening Review. Should a student’s performance and progress be considered unsatisfactory, however, a meeting with the PhD Executive Committee will be arranged during which an oral assessment of the student’s suitability to continue in the program will be made. Successful completion of the Screening Review is required for continuation in the program and progression to the Qualifying Examination. The Screening Review will occur between the end of the spring semester of a student’s first year, and beginning of the fall semester of a student’s second year.
Students are first required to maintain an overall GPA of 3.0 or better (‘B’ or higher) in all graded USC coursework in order to remain in good academic standing with the Graduate School. Students must also achieve grades of 3.0 or higher (‘B’ or above) in each one of the following graded required or ‘core’ courses GERO 600, GERO 601, GERO 602a and 602b, GERO 592, and GERO 603 as preconditions for successful screening. Students are also required to have successfully completed at least two lab rotations, as evidenced by satisfactory Student Laboratory Rotation Evaluation Forms, unless they have been granted a special exemption from laboratory rotations as an advanced student with extensive lab research experience (see above).
Students who are clearly making successful and appropriate progress towards the PhD degree, and who have identified a Dissertation mentor who is able and willing to support their dissertation research, and their Research Associate stipends, will be deemed to have successfully completed the screening process and will not be required to take an Oral Assessment.
Failure to pass the screening review is grounds for dismissal from the program, although students may be granted a second chance at the discretion of the Biology of Aging PhD Committee (see below). If granted a second chance, the student will need to retake the Screening Review and also pass an Oral Assessment during the fall semester of the second year. No extensions of Screening Reviews and Oral Assessments beyond the end of the fall semester of the second year will be allowed.
Students whose coursework grades and/or lab rotation reports indicate substandard performance or progress, And students who have not successfully identified a Dissertation mentor will undergo a more rigorous examination and may be required to meet with the screening committee for an oral interview and to discuss and review their plans for remedial work. Such students may also undergo an oral assessment of their understanding of the core concepts underlying the biology of aging. Students who have met, or who can meet, the Graduate School’s requirements to maintain good academic standing, but who fall slightly short of the specific requirements of the PhD in the Biology of Aging program may be granted an opportunity to stay in the program on a conditional basis and improve their performance. Such conditional approval for continuation will be made on a case-by-case basis, at the discretion of the PhD Committee.
Item to be submitted to the Student Advisor at the conclusion of the Spring semester of the first year:
Completed Course Summary
- Printable through OASIS via my USC web portal
- Spring grades must be included
At the beginning of their second year (Fall Semester – August 16), students should choose a five-member Guidance Committee, which will also be their Qualifying Exam Committee. Students should discuss the content and format of the Qualifying Examination with their mentor and with other Qualifying Examination Committee members. The PhD Qualifying Examination consists of both a written examination and an oral examination. The Written Examination must be passed in order to proceed to the Oral Examination and both portions of the examination must be passed in order to continue in the PhD program and be advanced to candidacy. The Qualifying exams should be scheduled for completion by the end of the Spring semester (May 15) of the student’s second year in the program. Under rare circumstances, and only with the approval of the Biology of Aging Executive committee, students can request an extension to complete their qualifying exam by the end of the Summer semester (August 15) of the student’s second year (before the start of their 3rd year in the program). Additional deferrals to extend the deadline beyond the Summer of the second year are unusual and require exceptional circumstances. In this unusual scenario, both the PhD student and the faculty advisor must petition and receive approval by the Biology of Aging executive committee.
The Qualifying Examination Committee – At the end of the first year in the program (typically when a student has joined a lab), the student will assemble a qualifying exam committee. Committee selection should be done in consultation with the PhD advisor (who acts as chair of that committee). The qualifying exam committee consists of five (5) members, of whom no less than four (4) members must hold faculty appointments in the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology. Additionally, the committee must include a minimum of one faculty member from the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology, a minimum of one faculty member from the Buck Institute for Research on Aging. One faculty member outside of the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology (outside member) can be included but must be petitioned and approved by the director of the Biology of Aging PhD program in consultation with the USC Graduate School. Because the mentor is the topic expert and the committee member most knowledgeable of the PhD student, the principal advisor or mentor will serve as the chair of the committee. Students should consult extensively with each committee member regarding subjects to be covered in the exams.
The qualifying exam committee must be approved prior to scheduling the qualifying exam and the “Request to take the PhD Qualifying Exam Form” must be submitted to Jim DeVera for approval.
The Qualifying Exams consist of both written and oral portions. Both parts must be finished before the end of the spring semester of the second year unless the Program Director approves deferring after receiving a written petition from the student and mentor and consultation with the executive committee. The written exam will incorporate evaluation and synthesis of existing knowledge related to the topic areas, creation of a set of experiments to test relevant hypotheses, and interpretation of anticipated results. The oral exam consists of an oral defense of the written exam, approval of the basic outline of the dissertation research plan, and will be conducted within 60 days of the written part of the Qualifying Exam.
Upon successful completion of both portions of the qualifying exams, students will be advanced to candidacy for the PhD in the Biology of Aging but actual conferral of the PhD degree will require the successful completion and defense of an original dissertation. Students who fail to complete the qualifying exams in a satisfactory manner will be dismissed from the program. In exceptional cases, the Biology of Aging PhD Committee might decide to allow a student a second chance to pass the Qualifying Exam, which must be taken within six months.
Items to be submitted to the Student Advisor by the end of the spring semester of the second year in order to take the Qualifying Exam:
- Request to Take Quals form (see Student Forms)
- Appointment of Qualifying Exam Committee form
- Students should keep a copy of the signed form for their record
Students are required to submit a 1-page Specific Aims portion of their written proposal at least four (4) weeks prior to the qualifying exam date. Qualifying Examination committee members must all agree that the proposed Aims are appropriate. The full proposal must be submitted to the qualifying examination committee at least two weeks before the oral examination. During the Oral Qualifying Examination, committee members are allowed to ask students questions about any material that they deem relevant to a student’s background preparation and understanding of the field, research aptitude and preparedness, professional success, and their ability to actually complete all phases of a PhD in the biology of aging.
The Written Qualifying Examination
The Written Qualifying Examination will consist of a research project organized as an NIH-style R01 grant proposal with three specific aims:
- Aims 1 and 2 will encompass experiments that the student will undertake as the core of the PhD dissertation research. Each aim will likely result in at least one 1st author publication and subsequently become chapters in the student’s dissertation.
- Aim 3 must be an experimental approach or goal that is the student’s own idea. Aim 3 cannot be anything that has been previously planned or envisioned by the student’s mentor. Students can decide for themselves whether their Aim 3 will be something they actually try to incorporate into their dissertation research, or simply an academic exercise to demonstrate independence and experimental originality.
Students are strongly encouraged to use the written proposal (especially Aims 1 and 2) as a basis for a F31 or NSF grant application, thus making the exercise more relevant and increasing the potential for academic reward.
The topic, hypotheses, and experiments proposed for Aims 1 and 2 of the written qualifying examination may be directly related to the planned dissertation research but must not be a simple verbatim reiteration of a mentor’s grant proposals. Aim 3 of the written proposal provides an opportunity for students to demonstrate their independence and experimental originality and must explore avenues and opportunities not initially planned for the dissertation. Importantly, the qualifying exam research project must not simply reiterate investigations already planned by a student’s mentor or contained in a mentor’s grants or grant applications. In other words, for Aim 3, the student is expected to expand and extend a research topic of interest to their mentor’s laboratory in altogether new directions, or to devise an entirely novel topic of their own choosing, but not to reproduce an existing topic. This exam is designed to probe the students’ depth of knowledge of their field of research, their ability to put their studies in the context of the biology of aging, and to articulate the importance and innovative aspects of their proposal.
The written exam generally follows the format of an NIH-style R01 grant application, except that it is somewhat shorter. For general style and approach, but not for page limitations, students should be directed to the following NIH web-site which has a very helpful and quite detailed Quick Guide for Grant. Applications: http://deainfo.nci.nih.gov/extra/extdocs/gntapp.pdf. Please note, however, that the page limitations in the NIH Quick Guide should not be followed. Instead, the written exam, which will be rigorously assessed, will be no more that 13 pages (not including references), single-spaced with at least 0.5-inch margins and an 11-point arial font. The introduction to the project must present a mini-review of the field, corresponding to a shortened version of what will eventually become the first chapter of the student’s dissertation. The research proposal is expected to be roughly organized as a 5-year NIH grant (13 pages maximum), as follows: Specific Aims (1 page only); Significance and Background – 3-4 pages; Innovation – 0.5 page, Research Plan for the 5 years – 6-7 pages (structured according to the Specific Aims and including Potential Difficulties & Alternative Approaches – 1 page (how will you cope with problems), Timetable for the 5 years – 0.5 page, References–no page limit (literature must be referenced throughout the proposal). Inclusion of preliminary data is encourage but is not required for the qualifying exam. In the absence of preliminary data, the student is expected to use relevant scientific literature as the scientific basis of each component of the proposal.
The research proposal must be an independent project generated by the student. The advisor is required to read and approve the proposal, but not to write or revise it in any way. By signing the proposal, both the student and the advisor will assure that the students’ proposal has been generated independently by the student and not from pre-existing grant proposals written by the PI or other written exams generated by other trainees or members of the laboratory. Copying even selected parts of an advisor’s grant proposal of the advisor is considered plagiarism and can result in dismissal from the program.
Students must provide their full written proposals to all members of their guidance committee, no later than two (2) weeks prior to the scheduled oral qualifying exam. Committee members may require that minor or major revisions to the proposal are made before the oral exam can be taken. Committee members can request that the oral qualifying exam be postponed if the written proposal is deemed inadequate. Requests to postpone, must occur 72 hours before the scheduled examination. If revisions are inappropriate or insufficient, the committee may decide that a student has failed the written qualifying exam.
The Oral Qualifying Examination
Advisors/Mentors attend the oral exam and participate in discussions and final evaluation but are not permitted to answer questions on their students’ behalf during the exam. Advisors should largely be observers during the Oral Qualifying Examinations of their own students since they are perceived as potential advocates. Instead, they should allow the other committee members ample opportunity to test the understanding and abilities of the candidate.
The Oral Qualifying Examination begins with a deep analysis of Aims 1 and 2 of the Written Exam, with Aim 3 being examined as deemed necessary by the Qualifying Exam Committee. The oral qualifying examination consists of two main parts: 1) An oral defense of the research proposal previously submitted for the written Qualifying Exam. Students will deliver a powerpoint (or equivalent) presentation of their proposals, including all relevant preliminary results, and must be prepared to defend it from critical appraisal by the Committee and 2) A power point presentation and defense of a preliminary outline of the student’s actual proposed dissertation research, including any particularly relevant preliminary results. Those students whose Qualifying Exam proposal is quite close to the topic of their actual dissertation research will, naturally, spend less time on part 2) than those whose qualifying exam proposal is very different from their actual dissertation research plans.
Several formats for the oral qualifying exam are acceptable as long as the candidate can demonstrate a mastery of core geroscience concepts and an appropriate scientific knowledge-base for the dissertation research project. The committee should assess whether a general research capacity to advance to candidacy is warranted. In general, the oral examination uses powerpoint to assist the students in presenting material. The number of slides should be minimized so that the student can verbally demonstrate competency without reading directly from prepared material. As such, a chalk talk-type presentation would be acceptable.
Students are expected to have extensive knowledge of the literature related to their project as well as the general literature in their subject area. They are also expected to have extensive understanding of the techniques used in the field, approaches and preliminary results. They are expected to be able to discuss their research plans in great detail, including a review of potential problems and alternative strategies.
Students are expected to have extensive knowledge of the literature related to their project as well as the general literature in their subject area. They are also expected to have extensive understanding of the techniques used in the field, their approaches and preliminary results. They are expected to be able to discuss their research plans in great detail, including a review of potential problems and alternative strategies. Advisors attend the oral exam and participate in discussions and evaluation, but are not permitted to answer questions for their students.
Students must notify the Student Advisor at least 1 week prior to the Oral Qualifying Examination in order to prepare the Report on Qualifying Exam form. Due to the sensitive nature of the form, the Report on Quals form is only provided to the student an hour or two prior to the start of the Oral Examination. At the conclusion of the exam, the student must obtain the signatures of the attending Committee Members and promptly return the form to the Student Advisor. Students may use an electronic signature program (Docusign preferred) to obtain signatures from members not physically present, including the Department Chair and Dean signatures. The Student Advisor may also assist students who are having difficulty in obtaining the necessary signatures on the form in order to submit the completed form to the USC Graduate School.
The Dissertation Committee – Formation, Composition, and Annual Meetings
Upon successful completion of both portions of the qualifying exams, students will be advanced to candidacy for the PhD in the Biology of Aging. A PhD student’s advisor serves as the chair of the student’s dissertation committee. The Dissertation Committee can minimally consist of four (4) faculty members, but a full five (5) member committee is preferred and is considered the norm in this program. The committee must consist of at least four faculty of the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology with at least of one faculty member from the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology campus and one faculty member from the Buck Institute for Research on Aging campus. The optional fifth member of the committee can be any faculty member at USC or following petition and approval of the Director of the Biology of Aging PhD program, a faculty member outside of the USC can be selected to enhance the training of the PhD candidate (see notes below). This committee is distinct from the qualifying exam committee but can have similar or even identical membership. In consultation with the advisor, PhD students select two to four additional faculty as member of this committee – again, a full five-member committee is preferred and is considered the norm. Faculty should note that membership on a dissertation committee is a long-term commitment, typically 3-4 years, until the student graduates from the PhD program. Students are REQUIRED to meet with their committee at least annually to update them on their research progress, discuss technical challenges and plans to resolve them, and to present a timeline for degree completion.
- Co-mentors count as one committee member total for the purposes of the previous guidelines;
- Faculty with actual or perceived conflicts of interest (COI) may not serve on the same committee;
- Appointment of a faculty member from another academic unit at USC or an expert from an outside university, to encourage an interdisciplinary perspective, can be accommodated. Be sure to review the current student handbook (School of Gerontology and the Graduate School) regarding the composition of the committee as you work with your student to build their committee.
- At the request of the committee, advisors should be prepared to share performance assessments of each trainee: Semesterly progress reports made by the trainee; semesterly assessments made by the PI (see below).
Students who fail to meet with their committee in the prior academic year will not be allowed to enroll in the subsequent Fall semester, which can have insurance, tax, and future academic consequences.
The academic experience is greatly enhanced if faculty members other than the direct advisor are readily and formally available for consultation and discussion with the graduate student. To provide this element of supervision, a dissertation committee should be put in place for the PhD student early in the dissertation stage, as soon after the Qualifying Examinations as possible, and be responsible for monitoring the progress of the student through the dissertation committee, as follows:
- It is required that the dissertation committee meet with the student, as an assembled committee, at least once per year to assess the student’s progress in the program and to provide advice on future work. Having a meeting each semester is actually preferred since it ensures greater supervision and guidance; one-on-one meetings with individual faculty can also be useful (in addition to the required annual meeting of the group). A form that requires the signatures of all committee members must be delivered to the USC Leonard Davis School Graduate Advisors Office following the meeting (DocuSign). Students may obtain the Annual Dissertation Progress Review form here.
At the end of a student’s fourth year in the program (before the Fall of the 5th year), the committee chair (the faculty advisor) MUST submit a written report to the Biology of Aging executive committee, the recommendations of the dissertation committee, any observations of the student’s progress and potential obstacles, and most importantly a detailed plan, developed with the student for the completion of PhD studies. Note that this form is required for continued tuition and programmatic support beyond the fifth year.
Students must submit the Appointment of Dissertation Committee form to the Student Advisor within 90 days after advancing to candidacy. Students must also keep a copy of the signed form since it will be required during the dissertation submission process.
Good research progress is also required to stay in the graduate program, and must be evaluated by the students’ advisor/mentor and the Dissertation Committee at annual meetings to discuss progress. At least one meeting of a student’s Dissertation Committee must occur in each year following successful completion of the Qualifying exams and advancement to candidacy for the PhD degree. In most cases, it will be advantageous to hold two such formal meetings each year. Students are responsible for arranging meetings of their Dissertation Committee to review research productivity and progress towards the PhD degree. Students must also ensure that the Annual Dissertation Progress Report form (see Student Forms) is completed by their mentor and committee members each year and submitted to the student advisor no later than the end of the Spring semester. Failure to demonstrate satisfactory research progress, as evidenced by filing a satisfactory Annual Dissertation Progress Report form, may result in expulsion from the program.
The Dissertation is based on original, publishable, and substantial research that makes a significant contribution to human knowledge. The dissertation research is to be independently conducted by the student under the guidance of their mentor, and the Dissertation Committee.
Students should consult regularly with their Dissertation Committee Chairperson and other Committee members in conducting the research and preparing the dissertation, and be prepared to write multiple drafts of the Dissertation before the formal defense. Doctoral Dissertations must be prepared in accordance with the USC graduate School’s dissertation requirements, and will not be finally accepted until they conform. Doctoral dissertations must be provided to all members of the Dissertation Committee, no less than three (3) weeks prior to any scheduled Oral Dissertation Defense. Committee members may require that minor or major revisions to the proposal are made before the Oral Dissertation Defense can be taken. All members of the Dissertation Committee must agree that the written dissertation is appropriate before the Oral Dissertation Defense can take place.
Students who fail to submit a satisfactory Dissertation, or who fail the Oral Dissertation Defense, but who have performed well in coursework, and who are judged competent in conducting laboratory experiments under suitable supervision, may be recommended for a terminal Master’s degree by their committee. The USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology shall decide whether to propose such students to the Graduate School for conferral of a Masters degree. In all cases, the Graduate School shall have the final decision on granting degrees.
Oral Dissertation Defense
Upon notification that the Committee considers the Dissertation ready to be defended, the student must orally defend the Dissertation. The Oral Dissertation Defense consists of a formal (powerpoint) presentation by the student and a question/answer session and discussion to assess the written manuscript and the student’s ability to defend it. The oral defense consists of an open meeting of the committee, which is announced to the USC/Buck communities. All interested parties are entitled to attend the presentation and a limited number of questions may be allowed from the general audience, at the discretion of the Dissertation Committee. The PhD Candidate is responsible for scheduling the meeting and arranging for a room. At least one month prior to the oral defense, written notification of the date, time, and place is to be submitted to the Graduate School.
The candidate must defend the dissertation in such a manner as to determine to the unanimous satisfaction of the dissertation committee that the candidate has attained the stage of scholarly advancement and power of investigation demanded for final recommendation to the doctorate. While the oral examination is open to the general university community, only the members of the dissertation committee shall have the authority to recommend acceptance of the dissertation, which must be unanimous.
Students should be aware that it is very unusual for the version of the Dissertation submitted for defense to end up as the final version. Usually, recommendations of further changes result from the Oral Dissertation Defense. These may require significant work but do not typically require a new defense. Upon successful defense and completion of the dissertation, the student must submit the written dissertation to the University Publications office. Dates for final submission and a schedule of deadlines are listed in the University Catalog, and in the schedule of classes for each semester. Upon completion, the student must provide a bound copy of the dissertation to their mentor. Other Dissertation Committee members may also request copies. The degree is posted after a degree check and the submission of the signed dissertation cards. The diploma is printed and mailed to the student within six to eight weeks after it is officially granted by the University.
Students should follow USC Graduate School instruction and create a profile in the Thesis Center system at least one month prior to the oral defense. Beginning 24 hours before your defense, you may go to the Checklist page in Thesis Center to generate the electronic Approval to Submit form. Your action will prompt Thesis Center to sent an email containing a link to the form to all of your dissertation committee members. Dates for final dissertation submission and formatting edits and a schedule of deadlines are listed in the University Catalog, the schedule of classes, and on the USC Graduate School website. Upon completion, the student must provide a digital copy of the dissertation to the Gerontology Student Advisor.
The degree is posted after a degree check and the submission of all documents, forms, and dissertation corrections. Degrees are posted about a month after all required documents have been submitted. The diploma is printed and mailed to the student within six to eight weeks of conferral of the degree.
Expectations & Responsibilities of the Advisor and Student
Responsibilities of the Faculty Advisor
Within the context of their role as advisors, faculty members’ primary task is to guide and inspire their students to reach their scholarly potential. At the same time, each advisor must try to ensure that each student is in compliance with the rules and regulations of the University of Southern California’s Graduate School. The advisor should promote conditions conducive to a student’s research and intellectual growth and provide appropriate guidance on the progress of the research and the standards expected.
Note: PhD trainees are USC students first and subject to the protections, rules, and regulations of the USC graduate school and the Leonard Davis School of Gerontology.
Questions regarding student status, enrollment, and appointments should be directed to Jim DeVera and the School of Gerontology Academic Services team.
Most PhD students have USC employment appointments as graduate student research assistants. These students are employees of the University of Southern California.
All questions regarding compensation and work-related issues must be discussed with USC Human Resources (firstname.lastname@example.org).
PhD in Biology of Aging Faculty
Our faculty members include both the visionaries who pioneered modern aging study and the up-and-coming investigators who take gerontology research and service in exciting new directions. The Biology of Aging Doctoral Program is the nation’s first graduate program focused on studying the aging process, and offers students the choice of performing research and taking courses either at the Buck Institute or at USC.
Meet Our Current Students
Learn more about our current students in the PhD in Biology of Aging program.
Class of 2017
Laura Corrales-Diaz Pomatto
Previous Degrees: BS, University of Southern California, Gerontology and Biomedical Engineering, MS, University of Southern California, Medical Devise and Diagnostic Engineering
Dissertation: To Adapt or Not to Adapt: The Age Specific and Sex-Dependent Differences in the Adaptive Stress Response
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging
Class of 2018
Previous Degrees: BS, University College London, Biological Sciences
Dissertation: The Regulation, Rules, and Acting Mechanism of Mitochondrial-Derived-Peptides (MDPS) in Aging
Position: Biotech Analyst, Wolfe Research, New York
Class of 2019
Previous Degrees: BS, University of California, Davis, Cell Biology
Dissertation: The Effects of a Fasting-Mimicking Diet (FMD) on Gastrointestinal and Neurodegenerative Disorders
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Longevity Institute
Previous Degrees: BS, University of California, Berkeley, Molecular Biology and Cell Biology; MS, Dominican University of California, Biological Sciences
Dissertation: The Role of Natural Genetic Variation in the Regulation of Dietary Restriction-Mediated Longevity and Health
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Class of 2020
Azar Asadi Shahmirzadi
Previous Degrees: BS, Tehran Medical Science University, Pharmacy
Dissertation: Alpha-ketoglutarate, an endogenous metabolite, extends lifespan and compresses morbidity in aging mice
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Previous Degrees: BS, Shiraz University, Veterinary Medicine; MS, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Molecular Biotechnology
Dissertation: Air pollution neurotoxicity throughout the lifespan: studies on the mechanism of toxicity and interactions with effects of sex and genetic background
Position: Post Doc at UCLA in Steve Horvath’s lab
Previous Degrees: BS, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Physics and Mathematics; MS, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Physics and Mathematics
Dissertation: The overlap between mTOR signaling, rapamycin and cellular senescence
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Previous Degrees: BS, University of Washington, Biochemistry
Dissertation: Mitonuclear Communication in Metabolic Homeostasis During Aging and Exercise
Position: Post-doctoral Fellow, Integrative Biology and Physiology, University of California, Los Angeles
Class of 2021
Previous Degrees: BM, Peking University, Nursing; MS, Peking University, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dissertation: Alpha-ketoglutarate, an Endogenous Metabolite, Extends Lifespan and Compresses Morbidity in Aging Mice
Position: Post-doc, Genentech Inc.
Previous Degrees: BS, Georgia State University, Chemistry
Dissertation: Mediating The Homeostatic Response During Light & Cytotoxic Induced Retinal Damage
Previous Degrees: BS, University of Maryland Baltimore, Biological Sciences; MS, Johns Hopkins University, Biotechnology
Dissertation: A small molecule protease inhibitor induces senescence phenotypes that are reversible upon drug removal
Position: Scientist, Seneque
Previous Degrees: BS, McGill University, Neuroscience
Dissertation: Synaptic transmission, nutrient sensors, and aging in Drosophila melanogaster
Position: Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Previous Degrees: BS, Villa Julie College, Interdisciplinary Studies in Biology and Chemistry
Dissertation: Modeling Neurodegenerative Diseases Using Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells and Identifying Therapeutic Targets
Position: Senior Research Associate, BioMarin, Planet Pharma
Class of 2022
Previous Degrees: BS, California State University Long Beach, Molecular Biology
Dissertation: Coenzyme A Binding Sites Induce Proximal Acylation
Position: Scientific Sales Representative Northwest, Proteintech Group
Previous Degrees: BS, Texas Tech University, Physics; MS, University
Dissertation: Computational Approaches to Identify Genetic Regulators of Aging and Late-Life Mortality
Position: Postdoctoral Researcher, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Previous Degrees: BS, University of California, Santa Barbara, Biopsychology
Dissertation: Neurochemical dissection of energy homeostatic circuits
Position: Graduate Student Researcher, Buck Institute for Research on Aging
Previous Degrees: BEng and Tech, LN Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Biotechnology; MS, University of Southern California, Bioengineering
Dissertation: Longitudinal Assessment Of Neural Stem Cell Aging
Position: Associate Director Of R&D, Clinical Discovery, Curative
Previous Degrees: BS, St. Xavier’s College, Life Sciences and Biochemistry; MS, University College of London, Genetics of Human Disease; MS, University of Southern California, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Dissertation: The effects of a Fasting Mimicking Diet (FMD) on mouse models of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease
Position: Research Assistant, USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology
Previous Degrees: BS, Brandeis University, Chemistry and Chemical Biology; MS, University of California Santa Cruz, Chemistry and Chemical Biology
Dissertation: Investigating the effect of exercise conditions upon alpha-synuclein species in the NL5901 C. elegans worm model of Parkinsons disease
Position: Postdoctoral Research, Buck Institute for Research on Aging